We just upgraded to a new 2022 Tundra Platinum Truck to pull our 30′ trailer. The salesperson mentioned that the changing oil cycle was every 10,000 miles with synthetic oil. I’ve always wondered, what the heck is synthetic oil? Hmmm… It sounds like the perfect subject for a “Curious Dora” blog post. It’s time to get stuck in…

What Is Synthetic Oil?

Synthetic oil is a man-made lubricant that is designed to provide better performance than traditional petroleum-based oils. Synthetic oil is created by combining various chemicals to create a lubricant that can withstand high temperatures and intense pressure. These compounds are created by breaking down and then rebuilding petroleum molecules.

Group II synthetics are based on polyalphaolefins (PAOs), which are synthesized from plant-based oils or other renewable resources. They offer better performance than mineral oils at high temperatures and provide enhanced protection against wear, rust and corrosion. Group III synthetics are made from esters, which offer the best performance of all the synthetic oils. They resist oxidation and shear degradation, providing superior protection against engine wear and deposits. They are often blended with other synthetic oils to improve performance in specific applications.

Synthetics have unique properties, with polyalphaolefins being the most common type used in automotive service today. For simplicity, the primary reference to synthetic oils in this blog post will relate to PAOs—or “polyalphaolefins”.

Synthetic Oils Have a Number of Advantages Over Traditional Oil

The benefits of using synthetic oil include:

  • Improved fuel economy
  • Reduced emissions
  • Prevention of wear and tear on piston rings
  • Additional engine protection from corrosion
  • Increased performance
Oil field

Synthetic oils offer a number of benefits over traditional mineral oils, including better performance in extreme temperatures and increased protection against wear, corrosion and deposits. They also provide improved fuel economy. Synthetic Oils are designed to resist thermal breakdown and oxidation, which can cause traditional oil to form sludge and varnish. In addition, synthetic oils help keep engines clean by suspending contaminants in the oil, where they can be filtered out.

Synthetic oils are designed to withstand high temperatures and extreme conditions, which makes them perfect for use in engines. They also have a higher viscosity than mineral oils, meaning they flow better at low temperatures. This means they can protect your engine better in cold weather. Additionally, synthetic oils do not break down as easily as mineral oils, meaning they provide better protection for your engine over time.

How is Synthetic Oil Made?

The two types of base stocks are hydrocarbons (derived from petroleum) and polyalphaolefins (derived from plant or mineral oil). The manufacturing process starts with methane, which is converted into ethylene and propylene. These two gases are then combined to form a long-chain hydrocarbon molecule, which is the building block for all synthetic oils.

The Difference Between Synthetic and Traditional Motor Oils Lies in Their Base

Traditional motor oils are made of a mix of hydrocarbons, which come from crude oil. Synthetic oils, on the other hand, are made of molecules that are designed in a lab. This gives them a number of advantages over traditional oils.

Synthetic Oil What the Heck Is It

This makes synthetic oils perfect for use in racing cars and other vehicles that see a lot of heat. They also help engines run more efficiently, meaning you can get slightly better gas mileage with them. Additionally, they don’t produce as much harmful exhaust as traditional oils do, making them better for the environment.

The main disadvantage of synthetic oils is that they are more expensive than traditional oils. However, if you have a truck that sees heavy use and needs to be maintained, well, it may be worth the higher cost.

NOTE: Some automakers require or recommend the use of synthetic motor oil in their vehicles.

The Main Difference Between Synthetic and Traditional Oils Is the Base Stock

Synthetic oils are made from chemicals, while traditional oils are made from petroleum. Because of their chemical composition, synthetic oils are more stable in extreme temperatures than traditional oils and can withstand high levels of heat without breaking down. They also have a higher viscosity, which means they resist thinning out in high temperatures or under pressure. This makes them ideal for use in high-performance engines that generate a great deal of heat.

Final Thoughts

Synthetic oil is a type of motor vehicle engine oil that is made from synthetic materials instead of natural resources. It has many benefits over regular oil, including better performance and durability in extreme weather conditions. If you’re looking for a more environmentally-friendly option when choosing your car or truck lubricant, synthetics might be the perfect choice for you.

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